Disaster Preparedness In India: National Legislative And Institutional Framework Of Disaster Management In India Vis-À-Vis Funding Arrangements
Eshaan Bansal & Prateek Naval Virk
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala (Punjab)
Across the globe, Disaster Preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is becoming the most prominent theme for disaster management. Though the natural disasters cannot be eliminated, the risk of damages from the disasters can be significantly reduced by proper planning and such approach is highly required in disaster prone countries such as India. India is prone to both natural and man-made disasters. In recent years, the country has witnessed a slew of disasters including tsunamis, floods and earthquakes. A three tier disaster management institutional set up was thus, established and the Disaster Management (DM) Act 2005 was accordingly legislated. Together with this, many international aided programs aimed at disaster risk reduction are being carried out in the country. However, it has been a long time since the DM Act, 2005 was introduced, with new challenges propping in front of the nation in the form of human created floods and poor calamity aversion policy, so it is the right time to assess the disaster preparation level to manage disasters in the country so as to understand the nature of problem and drawbacks in the current disaster management policy of India and to identify areas for improvement. This study has been done with the Uttarakhand Floods 2013 in the background and the spillover effects it has had since over the nation’s preparedness for dealing with disasters.