Tejas Rao & Samaksh Sood
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
This paper attempts to throw light on the failed attempts made by two autocratic rulers: Hosni Mubarak and Mohammed Morsi, to create a Leviathan in Egypt. Firstly, through analysis of concentrated power, the emergency laws & corruption during Mubarak’s regime, and secondly, by constructing a timeline of key events such as the November 22 declaration by Morsi, the authors present the view that these rulers created a sovereign which was above the law. Further, as Hobbes’ propounds, this paper engages with themes of revolution, and links it with the failure of the State to protect its’ citizens lives. In addition, this paper sheds light on the theory of the Leviathan itself, and how the revolutions in Egypt are sufficient evidence that a Leviathan will never create a successful state in the 21st century.