The Malnourished Indian Population And The Impact Of Food Security Act- A Critical Analysis

The Malnourished Indian Population And The Impact Of Food Security Act- A Critical Analysis

Bhavya Bhatia & Saksham Mishra
School of Law, Christ University, Bengaluru

“There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread.”  – Mahatma Gandhi

Food is the basic necessity of human beings. Survival is impossible without food but unfortunately there are people in India who lack access to this basic need of human body. India is a developing nation which has various problems like poverty, unemployment, sanitation, etc. that require immediate attention. Among these one of the major problem being faced today by the Indians is the food security. Though India has recognized Right to food as a constitutional right under Article 21 yet the government has failed in its implementation. There has been a rapid increase in the death rates due to hunger and malnutrition because people don’t even get two meals a day. Thus, to ensure proper distribution of food for the poor people, the government came forward with the scheme of ‘Food Security Act’ which aims at providing grains, rice, wheat, etc. at a very minimal cost to the poor and the needy. India is ranked 97th in the Global Hunger Index among 118 other nations which makes this problem a serious issue. This evidently shows that the food security act has failed in fulfilling its objectives and in giving the expected results. It has various loopholes like during the time of calamity people lose their right to food, corruption in the Public Distribution System, low quality of food, etc. India currently requires an expeditious method in order to ensure food security of its citizens. In the paper, the authors will be dealing with the National Food Security Act introduced by the government to tackle the problem and the extent of its efficiency.

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