Traditional Knowledge & IPR
West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
Amity Law School, Noida
In the earlier period people were not aware of the importance of the knowledge that they possessed from generations as traditions. But as soon as the era of industrialisation hit the world and a large number of industries started using the same knowledge possessed by such communities for the purpose of earning huge profits, these communities began to protest for the protection of the traditional knowledge. In the recent years not only these communities have demanded protection but the government of the developing countries have also demanded protection. In the year 2000, the members of the WIPO constituted a committee known as the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC), and also in the year 2009 various international legal instruments were developed to protect traditional knowledge, genetic resources and traditional cultural expressions. These international legal instruments would form by the recommendations of the WIPO members and would lead into formation of international treaties which would be binding on the states. These instruments would be open for ratification.